Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation Ltd
The Mumbai Suburban Railway network caters to 6.3 million commuters everyday. It has the highest passenger density in the World, ahead of even Tokyo and Seoul. Almost half of the total daily passengers using the entire Indian Railway System are from Mumbai Suburban Railway system alone. Mumbai Suburban Railway system, in spite of heavy demands on it, has provided an efficient and reliable service. However, the pressure continues and today it has reached alarming proportions. Overcrowding has grown to such an extent that 5,000 passengers are traveling per 9-car train during peak hours, as against the rated carrying capacity of 1,710. This has resulted in, what is known as, super dense crush load of 14-16 standing passengers per square metre of floor space.
East Central Railway (India)
Prior to 1996-97, Indian Railway consisted of nine Zones. On 16.06.96, Ministry of Railways decided to setup six new Zones to be carved out of the existing network of Indian Railway by reorganization of the existing zones. East Central Railway with its Headquarters at Hajipur in Bihar is one of these six new zones. Hajipur is the district Headquarters of Vaishali district and is located at approximately 25 kms by road and 200 kms away by rail route from Patna (Capital of Bihar). East Central Railway was inaugurated on 08.09.96. Jurisdiction of E. C. Railway consists of Sonepur & Samastipur division of N. E. Railway and Danapur, Dhanbad & Mughalsarai division of Eastern Railway respectively.
Southern Railway (India)
Southern Railway, in its present form, came into existence on 14th April 1951 through the merger of the three state railways namely Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway, and the Mysore state railway. Southern Railway's present network extends over a large area of India's Southern Peninsula, covering the states of Tamilnadu, Kerala, Pondicherry,and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. Serving these naturally plentiful and culturally rich southern states, the SR extends from Mangalore on the west coast and Kanniyakumari in the south to Renigunta in the North West and Gudur in the North East.
Central Railway (India)
It all began one fine summer day on 16 April 1853. It was a single step of 34 kilometers from 'Boree Bunder' (now Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus) to Tannah' (now Thane). G.I.P. Railway’s first train ever to run on the Indian soil rolled out and changed the history of India, forever. It also marked the dawn of the Railway Age in Asia - the world's largest continent. The railway line was extended from Thane to Kalyan (20 kilometers) after about a year. From Kalyan, the railway line branched into two directions, viz. the North Eastern line leading towards Igatpuri and Bhusaval and the South Eastern line towards Pune and Solapur. It took 7 to 9 years to construct the lines through the two ghat sections (Bhor and Thull). The mountain barriers, which those lines surmounted, had only one parallel at that time in the history of railway construction - the Semmering Pass in the Austrian Alps. The period 1861 to 1870 was very important for the G.I.P. Railway, because during this period, the fast growing industrial town of Mumbai was linked with Calcutta, the imperial capital of India. During the same decade, Bombay (now Mumbai) was linked with Madras (now Chennai) as also with Nagpur. Railways soon made rapid progress and put India on the world map of rail networks. Following on the footsteps of Great Indian Peninsula Railway and East India Railway, other railway companies were set-up: Bombay, Baroda & Central India Railway (BB&CI), Madras Railway and many others. Then came a time when there were as many as 42 railway companies. After mergers it came down to 25. Later, after independence, in 1951 these 25 railways were regrouped into 9 zonal railways. Central Railway has since then grown manifold and till 2003 was a vast network of 7151 route kilometers and 10896 track kilometers connecting 812 stations. From 1.4.2003, after the reorganization of zonal railways, Pune-Kolhapur section from South Central Railway has been included in Pune division. It now has 5 divisions, viz. Mumbai, Bhusaval, Nagpur, Solapur and Pune. The route km of Central Railway after reorganization is 3766 kms and it serves the States of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh connecting 473 stations. Central Railway is the premier passenger carrying system amongst all Indian Railways. It carries over 4 lakh passengers daily to every nook and corner of the country through 510 mail/express/passenger trains. It also runs 1177 suburban services in Mumbai serving 67 stations carrying 28 lakh commuters daily.
South Central Railway (India)
South Central Railway has completed 37 years of service since 2 October 1966. In this short period, SCR played a significant role in supplementing the green revolution and rapid industrial growth that have taken place in the Southern Peninsula by effectively meeting the growing transport requirements of the region.
Western Railway (India)
Western Railway in its present form came into existence on 5th November, 1951 by the merger of its forerunner, the erstwhile Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BB&CI), with other State Railways viz, Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur. The BB&CI Railway was itself inaugurated in 1855, starting with the construction of a 29 mile broad gauge track from Ankleshwar to Utran in Gujarat state on the West Coast. In 1864, the railway was extended up to Mumbai.
The Konkan railway runs from Mangalore via Goa to Rohan (near Mumbai).
South Western Railways (India)
South Western Railway is constituted with headquarters at Hubli amalgamating three Division viz. Hubli Division of South Central Railway, Bangalore and Mysore Divisions of Southern Railway. The new zone comprises of 3074 route kms. And 3181 kms of track length carved out from southern and South Central Railway Zones. The new Zone encompasses Railway routes passing through Karnataka and part of TamilNadu, Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Maharashtra. The end points of new zone are Miraj & Hotgi(border of Maharashtra) in Northern part, while Bellary (Karnataka) and Dharmavaram (Andhra Pradesh) in Western part, Chamarajanagar (Karnataka), Jolerpettai and Salem (TamilNadu) in Southern part and Talaguppa and Kankanadi (Karnataka) and Vasco(Goa) in Eastern end points. The new zone has 395 major and minor stations including halt stations. The important freight centers in the Zone are: Hospet, Tornagally, Ranjitpura, Bannihatti, Vyasanakere and Swamihalli on Hubli Division, Krishnarajapuram, Bangalore, Whitefield, Mandya, Kolar and Malure on Bangalore Division, Mysore, Bhadravathi, Sasalu, Davanagere and Ranibennur on Mysore Division. Owing to this location advantage, the zone is all set to become a focal point of rail operations in the future ahead.
North East Frontier Railway
The Northeast Frontier (NF) Railway has its historical roots in the former Assam Railways & Trading Company, Assam Bengal Railways, and Eastern Bengal Railways. The Assam Bengal Railways had the largest contribution to make in the formation of the present-day N. F. Railway. N. F. Railway is the smallest of the 9 zones on the Indian Railways, but has the unique distinction of serving as many as ten States of the Indian Union, namely Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram. Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura and West Bengal. Besides, it also serves as a rail-head for the Himalayan kingdoms of Nepal and Bhutan and provides interchange facilities with Bangladesh Railway.